February 2007

What is Angora?

Angora is the ancient name of the city of Ankara (Capital city of Turkey). Ankara has shared its name with several animals from that area including Angora rabbit and Angora goat.

The fleece of Angora goat is Mohair and we have talked about its characteristics in our September 2006 issue of the newsletter. For more information, check the archives available on NUís website.

Angora is the fleece of the Angora rabbit, which is very soft. It became popular in Europe in the 18th century. Angora was not known in the US market until early twentieth century, when it was introduced through the small cottage industry.

There are four different breeds of Angora rabbit, the English, French, Satin and Giant (German) breeds.

Angora can be harvested year round and the fiber is very soft. It is usually spun with other fibers such as cashmere or lambís wool. Angora rabbits are usually calmer than any other kind, and should be treated gently. Since Angora production is very labor-intensive and limited, it is very expensive and is considered luxurious. It is mostly used for making small items such as hats and scarves.

For more information about Angora rabbits check http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-angora-rabbits.htm.

Nazanin S. Fard

Needlecraft University

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